Mindfulness Practice is rooted
in ancient, eastern contemplative traditions
The two main Mindfulness Based Approaches that have been developed in the West in recent years are Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based CognitiveTherapy for Depression, (MBCT).
The Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programme was developed by Dr Jon Kabat Zinn and his colleagues in 1979 at the University of Massachusets Medical School to help people with a range of medical and mental health problems. It has been successfully implemented in a range of setting including hospital, educational settings and prisons around the world.
Interest has continued to grow steadily and evidence based research shows the MBSR is effective in helping people with a range of health conditions such as chronic pain, fatigue, cancer, diabetes and also general life stress including anxiety and depression.
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is closely modelled on the MBSR programme, and includes elements from Cognitive Therapy.
It was developed by UK research scientists Professor Mark Williams and Dr John Teasdale, together with their Canadian colleague Zindel Segal. It was designed to help prevent relapse for people who had suffered from 3 or more episodes of depression. The cognitive-behavioural aspects of the MBCT programme help participants explore a different relationship to their thinking patterns, and develop self-care at times of potential relapse.
MBCT was evaluated in clinical trials and the results are compelling. MBCT was found to roughly halve rates of relapse compared with control groups. The programme is now recommended by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) as a preventative treatment for the recurrence of depression. MBCT has also been shown to be of benefit to people with other conditions, such as anxiety and stress, heart disease, high blood pressure, CFS and Diabetes.
The National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommend the 8 week MBCT course as a treatment for the prevention of relapse with depression.